Romanovskaya Ol'ga Valentinovna, Doctor of juridical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of state legal disciplines, Penza State University (40, Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. The American model of countering terrorism is notable for its effectiveness. In the United States, since September 11, 2001, there have been virtually no large-scale terrorist attacks that claimed a large number of lives. In addition, it is in the United States that the testing of new forms and means of combating terrorist threats often takes place. The American experience can be taken into account when improving Russian legislation in the field of countering terrorism. The object of article is to conduct a comparative legal study of the Freedom Act, adopted in 2015, to identify its contents, as well as distinguishing features from the Patriotic Act, adopted in 2001 in response to the attack on the World Trade Center buildings. Identify the parameters of permissible restrictions on human rights in the fight against terrorist threats.
Materials and methods. Scientific tasks were solved by analyzing a wide range of sources covering the political situation during the consideration of the Freedom Act in 2015 in the United States. Various documents were examined reflecting the political debate of the time. The comparative method was used as the main research method, which allowed the study of foreign regulatory and doctrinal sources.
Results. A general conclusion is presented on clarifying the powers of the American special services in the field of countering terrorism. Particular importance is given to giving openness to the actions of law enforcement agencies during events affecting the rights and freedoms of American citizens.
Conclusions. The article indicates that the United States is undergoing a continuous process of improving legislation in the field of counter-terrorism. The Freedom Act was aimed at giving greater openness to the activities of law enforcement agencies, which should strengthen confidence in the activities of special services. The Freedom Act rebooted within the United States itself - criticism of previously used practices has significantly decreased, although the basic powers to conduct covert surveillance of citizens' communications using telecommunication technologies have not been questioned.
human rights, terrorism, countermeasures, restrictions, United States of America, Freedom Act
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